Factory Workers in Cotton Factories
around Manchester, 1818-19

This dataset (356 KB) provides information on 8225 persons working in 21 cotton factories near Manchester, as well as in two factories in York. Rosters for each factory are printed in the House of Lords Papers, vol. 96 (1818) and vol. 110 (1819). Factory inspectors compiled the rosters in April, 1818, except for the rosters for the Stockport factories (fn 11-16 in table below), which were compiled in March 1819. The dataset consists of comment delimited records for each worker, with text fields enclosed in quotes.

The data has been compiled in electronic form by Douglas Galbi, who used it in several papers on the development of the early factory workforce in England. These papers provide summary statistics from this dataset, other relevant data, and discussion of issues relating to the early factory workforce.

This dataset also provides the factory workers' full names (first or given name, and last or family name). The workers' first names have been used in a study of personalization and effective communication. For data and analysis of long-term trends in popularity of given names, see the Given Names Frequency Project.

Factories Included in the Dataset

fn

Location

Identifier/Owner/Manager

# of workers

11

Stockport

Carr factory of Robert Garside and others

265

12

Stockport

Samuel Grimshaw and others

70

13

Stockport

William Ratcliffe and others

105

14

Stockport

John Lamb and others

112

15

Stockport

T. Garside

123

16

Stockport

Appellis Howard

148

181

Manchester

James Kennedy, Pickford St. Mill

191

182

Manchester

James Kennedy, Great Ancoats St. Mill

328

19

Manchester

Appleton, Ogden, and Son

325

122

Ashton-under-Line

James Heginbottom and Co.

101

1231

Slaithwaite, York

Scholes, Varley, and Co., Waterside Mill

88

1232

Marsden, York

Scholes, Varley, and Co., Holme Mill

65

21

Hulme

John Pooley Jr. and Co.

404

22

Ancoats, Manchester

Jonathan Pollard

467

23

Manchester

Adam and George Murray

1023

24

Manchester

Peter Appleton and Co.

272

25

Manchester

John and Richard Simpson

267

26

Manchester

Benjamin and William Sandford

139

27

Manchester

Thomas Houldsworth

778

28

Manchester

Birly and Hornby, Chorlton Mills

1024

29

Manchester

Peter Ewart and Co.

288

210

Manchester

Ancoats Twist Co.

504

216

Manchester

MíConnell and Kennedy

1126

Field definitions for worker record:

fn: factory number. See table above.

rn: roster position. Indicates the order of worker in the roster.

sex-r: original sex coding (0=male, 1=female, 3=unknown)

gname-r: listed given name

lname: last name

sex: GINAP, version 1, standardized sex.

gname: GINAP, version 1 standardized name

age: age of worker in years

ex: number of years persons has worked in factories

sick: number of days lost from sickness in the past year

Return to Factory Workers in the Industrial Revolution.